Osteoarthritis

“Arthritis” is a term used to describe inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and usually is caused by the deterioration of a joint. Typically, the weight-bearing joints are affected, with the knee and the hip being the most common, though the shoulder and spine can also be impacted. Some quick facts on OA are:

  • An estimated 27 million Americans have some form of OA.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 2 people in the United States (US) may develop knee OA by age 85, and 1 in 4 may develop hip OA in their lifetime.
  • Until age 50, men and women are equally affected by OA; after age 50, women are affected more than men.
  • Over their lifetimes, 21% of overweight and 31% of obese adults are diagnosed with arthritis.
  • It has been estimated that the use of total joint replacement in the US will increase 174% for hips and 673% for knees by the year 2030.
  • Research has shown that light to moderate activities such as walking, biking, and swimming can provide more benefits than harm to your joints, and promote weight loss.
  • One study showed that just an 11-pound weight loss reduced the risk of OA in the women studied.

OA affects daily activity and is the most common cause of disability in the US adult population. Although OA does not always require surgery, such as a joint replacement. Physical therapists help patients understand OA and its complications, provide treatments to lessen pain and improve movement, and offer education about obesity and healthy lifestyle choices.

Symptoms

  • Stiffness in the joint, especially in the morning, which eases in less than 30 minutes

  • Stiffness in the joint after sitting or lying down for long periods

  • Pain during activity that is relieved by rest

  • Cracking, creaking, crunching, or other types of joint noise

  • Pain when you press on the joint

  • Increased bone growth around the joint that you may be able to feel

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